MAQUILLAJE PARA PIELES SENSIBLES ¿QUÉ PROBLEMAS PUEDE CAUSAR Y CÓMO EVITARLOS?

MAKEUP FOR SENSITIVE SKIN WHAT PROBLEMS CAN IT CAUSE AND HOW TO AVOID THEM?

To apply makeup for sensitive skin, it is necessary to choose special makeup.

Sensitive skin is skin that reacts strongly to external stimuli, usually due to changes in the skin's barrier function, leaving it more exposed to potentially irritating agents.
This is a type of skin with extremely fragile defenses, which can benefit from the use of special dermocosmetic products, ranging from cleansing to makeup.
In addition, sensitive skin is usually more prone to redness, marks and small imperfections and that is why people probably want makeup products capable of hiding these things and unifying the skin.

Therefore, if you have sensitive skin and want to put on makeup, it is essential that you choose the right products.

MAKEUP: WHAT PROBLEMS DOES IT CREATE FOR SENSITIVE SKIN?

Makeup can be a problem for sensitive and hypersensitive skin, especially in relation to the presence of some components and sometimes, with a low level of quality. Therefore, it is of great importance to choose a makeup formulated with selected ingredients, which have been thoroughly and specifically tested.

Perfume, some preservatives, lanolin and rosin derivatives are often a source of allergic skin reactions, so makeup designed for sensitive skin generally does not contain these ingredients.

In addition, makeup products contain a considerable amount of mineral pigments, ingredients that give color: titanium dioxide is white, iron oxides are black, brick red and yellow, aluminum silicate is blue, etc. Being of mineral origin, the pigments can ''carry with them'' important traces of heavy metals. Some of them, especially nickel, chromium and cobalt, are to blame for many cases of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD).

Nickel is a metal commonly found as an impurity in objects and in raw materials such as pigments. It is the main responsible for allergic contact reactions, to the point that for many years a standard has been in force in the European Union (EC Regulation No. 1907/2006) that limits the content and as well as the rate of release of nickel for objects that are in contact with the skin (costume jewelry, buttons, etc.). Obviously, the manufacture and sale of non-compliant products is prohibited. Nickel and its compounds are also prohibited in cosmetics (EC Regulation No. 1223/2009), but since this impurity cannot be completely eliminated, current legislation allows its presence in technically unavoidable traces. However, with today's technology, we cannot make nickel-free products, but we can select the base ingredients, check the product to ensure traces of nickel are as low as possible, and then produce nickel-tested products.

Chromium and cobalt are much less common metals as impurities compared to nickel, however some mineral pigments are based on these elements. To avoid causing allergic reactions, in makeup for sensitive skin it is better to avoid the use of these pigments and in any case, check the content of chromium and cobalt and also nickel.

Facial makeup, such as foundation, powder, bronzer and blush, can be too drying or poorly tolerated due to heavy metal impurities.

Even lip makeup (pencils, gloss, lipsticks) can cause some problems, especially in case of intolerance to carmine, a red pigment of natural (animal) origin.

Eye products such as eye shadows, pencils, eyeliners and especially mascara can create annoying irritations on the mucous membranes of the eyes, in addition to causing reactions in the eyelid area with red, scaly skin and a burning sensation and itch. Also for these cosmetics it is always advisable to avoid potentially irritating ingredients (perfume) and / or allergenic ingredients (preservatives), because the eye contour area is particularly delicate.

Therefore, choosing the right makeup is generally very important, especially for those with sensitive skin and in case of very delicate eyes.

CHOOSING MAKEUP FOR SENSITIVE SKIN

In the case of sensitive and intolerant skin or even if you have had reactions to makeup in the past, our advice is to orient yourself on specifically formulated products, following some simple precautions:
  1. Check that the box says that the product can be used on sensitive skin, generally you will see ''sensitive and intolerant skin''.
  2. For the eye contour, choose those that say ophthalmologically tested.
  3. For particularly sensitive skin it is better to use a few products, trying a "new" one at a time.
  4. Before purchasing a product, request a sample if available and test it on a small area of ​​skin (for example, inner forearm). Intolerance reactions usually appear within 24 hours.
It is also important to remember that makeup is designed to stay on the skin for a long time, so even if the effect at night seems to "fade", it is essential to remove the makeup carefully with a makeup remover.
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